The Foundation concluded its decade-long orchestra program in 2009, whereby a dozen orchestras addressed four primary areas of concern: leadership, the role of musicians, changing community expectations, and programming. In addition to receiving direct grants, the orchestras participated in an Orchestra Forum, semiannual retreats that formalized a new model for discussion among the musician, trustee, and administrative constituencies of orchestras and encouraged learning within orchestras and among them. A subgroup of the Forum, the Elephant Task Force (ETF), studied the relationship between orchestras' economic strategies and missions, and worked to develop financial modeling tools. The final report of the Elephant Task Force is included here.
Elephant Task Force, The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Orchestra Forum: A Journey Toward New Visions for Orchestras, 2003–2008, April 2008.